Print Close Window

school_print
Basics of Bowl Turning
Instructor: Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Thursday, September 18, 2014 1:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Learn the basics of bowl turning! In this class you will learn lathe safety, tool sharpening, turning techniques, methods of mounting bowl blanks, sanding techniques, and finishing options for your final project. You will also receive useful tips and tricks to develop your own unique turning style. You will have hands-on experience with mini lathes, bowl gouges, and power sanders, taking home a sample bowl. With the skills and techniques taught, you will be able to turn your own exotic hardwood or domestic wood bowls. Due to the type of machines involved in this class, admittance to this class is restricted to adults (18+).
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($35.00 materials, $60.00 instruction)

Back to Basics
Instructor: Chad Stanton
Class Times: Sunday, September 21, 2014 11:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Skill Level: None
Class Size: 3 - 6
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Don’t have room or the budget for power tools? Chad Stanton will teach you how to use only hand tools. You will learn how to use hand planes, hand saws, chisels, measuring and marking tools. You will learn how to cut and plane wood by hand while creating a small candle box. Chad Stanton is a widely recognized master woodworker and excellent educator. Click on the links below to learn more about Chad, then call the Toledo Woodcraft store to sign up for the class. Better hurry because space is limited. http://www.stantonfinefurniture.com http://www.americanwoodworker.tv/videostags/chad-stanton/ http://lumberjocks.com/bigchopperoo
Tuition: $225
Tuition Notes: Materials included

3D Scroll Saw Techniques
Instructor: Mike Kreischer
Class Times: Tuesday, September 23, 2014 1:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Skill Level: Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: None; tools used are included in the class costs
Description: There are so many three-dimensional items that you can create with a scroll saw! How about your own chess set? Reindeer for Christmas ornaments? Clocks or puzzle vaults for gifts? In this class you will learn design and layout requirements, how to use wood selection to improve your design, special cutting tips, alternate materials to use for special effects, and accessories to use for 3D projects. And Mike will share his experiences and knowledge on the many projects he has created. If time permits you will also be able to discuss any designs you might be thinking about creating. You will have a project to take home at the end of class.
Tuition: $80
Tuition Notes: $20.00 materials, $60.00 instruction

Fundamentals of Intarsia
Instructor: Rick Bailin
Class Times: Thursday, September 25, 2014 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: None; tools will be supplied in the classroom
Description: Have you seen the beautiful artwork hanging in the Woodcraft store – the ones where different woods are cut into forms and put together like a puzzle to make a picture? That’s intarsia! It’s related, in part, to marquetry and inlay and the artwork is centuries old. Today we use modern equipment and supplies to simplify the process while still creating a beautiful picture. This class will provide an overview of safe operating procedures as well as give tips on wood selection, use of patterns, techniques of sawing the wood pieces, checking the fit, sanding, shaping, and gluing. You will learn the use of the scroll saw, band saw, various sanding options, and types of glue and finishes to complete a project that you can hang in your home. Some scroll saw experience is beneficial. Due to the gluing and drying requirements, you will have an extended lunch break (about 1 hr). You will be working on a project that you can take home, apply some finish, and hand on your wall.
Tuition: $90
Tuition Notes: ($15.00 materials, $75.00 instruction)

Foundations of Pen Turning
Instructor: Scott Clausing
Class Times: Saturday, September 27, 2014 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Hand-turned pens are the rage right now. Attend this class and you will leave with your very own Bolt Action Pen, our newest style. You will turn a wooden blank to the correct size and shape, apply a beautiful, durable finish, and finish the evening by assembling your pen. Tuition includes all materials required for the class: pen blank, pen kit, instruction book.
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($70.00 instruction, $25.00 materials)

Bandsaw Boxes
Instructor: Larry LaBeau
Class Times: Sunday, September 28, 2014 11:00 AM - 3:30 PM
Skill Level: Beginner/Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Boxes do not need to be square or rectangular in shape. And they can be made on bandsaws, not just table saws! Learn how to make attractive free-form shaped boxes using a bandsaw, sander, and drill. In this class you will be taken through all the steps of transferring plans, cutting, sanding, gluing, and finishing of the box. If time permits, there may be additional discussion covering additional creative options such as woodburning and inlay.
Tuition: $115
Tuition Notes: ($25.00 materials, $90.00 instruction)

Furniture Making; Shaker Side Table
Instructor: Carl Kuhnle
Class Times: Saturday, October 04, 2014 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Skill Level: Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Class sign-up deadline: September 19, 2014 In this class you will learn furniture building basics while building a side table. You will have the choice of two woods from which to build your table (cherry or oak); wood choice must be made at time of class registration so that delivery and lumber packs may be delivered and prepared for each student prior to the class. During the first part of the class you will learn the importance of wood selection, design and layout techniques, and panel glue-ups. During the second half you will learn how to make tapered legs, cut the aprons and how to attach them together, and techniques of attaching a finished table top. The balance of the class will be a discussion of finishing options; due to time restrictions, finishing will not be done in this class. You will have experience using a table saw, sander, jointer, and Kreg Jig. Skills learned in this class can be applied to other basic furniture projects for your home or workshop. Students must register a minimum of 15 days prior to the class so that lumber packs may be delivered and prepared for each student. If we do not reach the minimum number of students by September 191, the class will be cancelled and all enrollment fees will be returned.
Tuition: $200
Tuition Notes: ($125 instruction, $75 materials)

Mastering Hand Cut Dovetails
Instructor: Dennis Laney
Class Times: Sunday, October 05, 2014 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 3 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used.
Description: A dovetail is associated with quality workmanship in woodworking. It is most often seen in cabinetry / case work. They are considered one of the strongest types of joints that is used in woodworking. Hand cut dovetails take more time than power tool joinery, but it offers more beauty in the configuration than any power tool can offer. You will learn pin and tail marking of your dovetails and use a saw and chisel to create your own dovetails. You will create and take home your own sample board of hand cut dovetails.
Tuition: $75
Tuition Notes: ($65 instruction, $10 materials)

Router Basics
Instructor: Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Tuesday, October 07, 2014 4:30 PM - 6:30 PM
Skill Level: None
Class Size: 2 - 6
Tools Required: Shop tools will be used unless you want to bring your own router.
Description: This popular class presents essential information that will help you safely operate one of the workshop's most versatile tools. Set-up, safety, router bits and techniques will be covered. Bring along your router for a hands-on learning experience. We will also show your how to use your Porter Cable Dovetail Jig as well.
Tuition: $50

Gourd Carving
Instructor: Lucette Jones
Class Times: Thursday, October 09, 2014 4:30 PM - 8:30 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: Carving glove, thumb guard, and bench knife
Description: If you have ever wanted to learn power carving but aren't interested in a wood project, this is your class! Gourd carving and decorating is becoming very popular with a number of books being written and patterns printed. Typically a hard shell, dried gourd is the medium used for the carving surface. They can be carved, painted, sanded, burned, dyed, polished, and more. You will learn to transfer patterns and beginning low relief carving Skills. You might not complete your gourd during the class, but you will have the skills to finish it at home. If you own a Dremel or Power Carver, bring it to class with you. A flexshaft for Dremels make the carving easier.
Tuition: $55
Tuition Notes: ($50 instruction, $5 materials)

Festool Systainer Cabinet
Instructor: Mike Kreischer
Class Times: Saturday, October 11, 2014 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sunday, October 12, 2014 11:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Skill Level: None
Class Size: 2
Tools Required: None, Classroom tools will be used.
Description: You own Festool and the tool you need is always on the bottom. Join Mike and make a systainer cabinet and have quick access to the tool inside. As a side benefit, the cabinet height is the same as your MFT, how handy is that? In this two day hands-on intensive course you will build a frameless cabinet and the systainer trays. Instruction will cover a full array of Festool products and accessories: TS 55 plunge saw + FS Parallel Guides, MFT3 workbench, Kapex miter saw, Domino loose mortise and tenon joining system, OF1010/OF1400 Routers + LR32 hole drilling accessory, MFK 700 trim router, Rotex sanders, finish sanders, specialty sanders, and CT dust extractors with HEPA filtration. No prior cabinet making experience necessary.
Tuition: $350
Tuition Notes: ($225 for Instruction and $125 for Materials)

Introduction to Lathes and Turning
Instructor: John Heslop
Class Times: Tuesday, October 14, 2014 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: This class is a pre-requisite for all lathe and turning classes. The first half of the class will be an overview and discussion of the types and structure of the lathe equipment, safe use of the equipment, uses of various accessories, tool selection / options, proper care of tools, and types of wood used in turning. This basic education will apply to various types of turning. The second half of the class will be basic hands-on turning techniques. A small project will be made in this class for you to take home.
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($25 materials, $70 instruction)

Turning Finials
Instructor: Toledo Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Thursday, October 16, 2014 5:00 PM - 8:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Details are everything and finials have been used as details on everything from four post beds to grandfather clocks to lidded boxes. In a three hour demonstration and practical application class you will be instructed in the art of making fine decorative finials on the mini lathe. A sharp spindle gouge and a steady hand is all it takes, eye protection is required and the turning 101 course is a prerequisite.
Tuition: $80
Tuition Notes: ($20.00 materials, $60.00 instruction)

Bust Carving
Instructor: Roger Martin
Class Times: Saturday, October 18, 2014 9:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Sunday, October 19, 2014 11:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Skill Level: Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 6
Tools Required: All medium and full sized carving tools and knives you have, carving glove, and thumb guard. Recommended: carving mallet
Description: Bust carving is an advanced form of in the round or sculpture carving. Most often it is a representation of the upper part of the human figure and includes head, neck, and shoulders. In this class you will learn what woods to use, techniques of using your carving tools and mallets to sculpt out the features, anatomical proportions for facial features, and many other skills and tips. This is a two day class. You will not be expected to finish your bust in the two days, but you will learn the skills and techniques to complete it on your own. Bring to the class any photos of any person or busts you might wish to use as a model.
Tuition: $175
Tuition Notes: ($125 instruction, $50 materials)

Creating Knife Handles
Instructor: Toledo Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Tuesday, October 21, 2014 2:00 PM - 7:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: Bringing a cut resistant glove is recommended. Please bring a rotary sanding tool (ex: Weecher, Dremmel) if you have one.
Description: Create a sheath knife that you can use this hunting season or give as an impressive Christmas gift! You will be supplied with a thick stainless steel knife blade and wood to create your own extraordinary handle. You will learn safety basics, fundamentals of wood selection (including burls), bandsaw and resawing basics, scales and tangs, shaping and carving for finger placement, tips for placement and application of rivets, and how to keep your knife sharp and well honed. Once you complete this knife, you will have the basics for completing other knife kits: Steak Knife sets, Ceramic Chef sets, Kitchen Knife sets, and many others that you can make for Christmas! There will also be a discussion of finish sanding and finishes to use to complete your knife at home. This class will be cancelled one week in advance if we do not have the minimum number of students.
Tuition: $80
Tuition Notes: ($60.00 instruction, $20.00 materials)

Introduction to Carving (basswood mouse)
Instructor: Lucette Jones
Class Times: Thursday, October 23, 2014 1:00 PM - 5:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 5
Tools Required: Carving glove, thumb guard, and bench knife
Description: Learn basic carving skills by creating a mouse from basswood. Students will learn safety, basic sharpening, basic carving techniques, impact of wood grain in your carving, and will discuss options for finishing. You can either bring their own tools from home or purchase the tools at the beginning of class for a 10% class discount. The wood will be supplied by Woodcraft.
Tuition: $50
Tuition Notes: ($5.00 materials, $45.00 instruction)

Intermediate Intarsia
Instructor: Rick Bailin
Class Times: Thursday, October 30, 2014 12:00 PM - 8:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner/Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: None; tools will be supplied in the classroom
Description: In this class you will learn how to use more detailed Intarsia patterns and about the piecing of the patterns,techniques of wood selection, cutting, sanding, fitting and mounting, shaping, and finishing. You will use a scroll saw, various sanders, glue and finishes to complete a project that they you can hang in your home or give to a special person as a gift.
Tuition: $105
Tuition Notes: ($30.00 materials, $75.00 instruction)

Introduction to Lathes and Turning
Instructor: John Heslop
Class Times: Sunday, November 02, 2014 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: This class is a pre-requisite for all lathe and turning classes. The first half of the class will be an overview and discussion of the types and structure of the lathe equipment, safe use of the equipment, uses of various accessories, tool selection / options, proper care of tools, and types of wood used in turning. This basic education will apply to various types of turning. The second half of the class will be basic hands-on turning techniques. A small project will be made in this class for you to take home.
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($25 materials, $70 instruction)

Introduction to Carving (Santa Ornament)
Instructor: Jean McDonald
Class Times: Tuesday, November 04, 2014 1:00 PM - 4:30 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 5
Tools Required: Carving glove, thumb guard, and bench knife
Description: Learn basic carving skills by creating a Santa ornament to give to a special friend or relative, donate to the Toys for Kids Woodcraft Program, or keep for your own Christmas tree. You will learn safety, basic sharpening / honing, basic carving techniques, impact of wood grain in your carving, and will discuss options for finishing. If time permits you might also be able to paint your ornament. A bench knife (carving tool) is required for the class. You can either bring their own tools from home or purchase the tools at the beginning of class for a 10% class discount. The wood will be supplied. This class will be cancelled one week in advance if we do not have the minimum number of students.
Tuition: $45
Tuition Notes: ($5.00 materials, $40.00 instruction)

Scroll Saw Christmas Ornaments
Instructor: Mike Kreischer
Class Times: Thursday, November 06, 2014 5:00 PM - 8:30 PM
Skill Level: Beginner/Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 3
Description: How would you like to scroll saw your own Christmas ornaments? Or give some handcrafted ornaments as gifts? In this class you will learn safety guidelines, precision cutting, use of different types of woods, and finishing. Each student will have a choice of designs and will complete at least one ornament in the class. Each student will receive multiple designs and enough wood that they can complete three ornaments.
Tuition: $85
Tuition Notes: ($15.00 materials, $70.00 instruction)

Basics of Pyrography (Woodburning)
Instructor: Lucette Jones
Class Times: Tuesday, November 11, 2014 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 5
Tools Required: Woodburning tools; call Woodcraft if you have questions about your tools for the class.
Description: This class is designed for the beginning pyrographer (woodburner). You will learn about the different pyrography tools available, where to look for project designs, materials to use for your projects, safety, pattern transfers, pyrography styles and color options, maintenance of your equipment, and will have discussion about finishing your work as part of the introduction to pyrography. A practice board will be used for you to learn about the four primary nibs, how to hold your pens, factors affecting your design, temperature issues, and shading. A small project will also be created during the class. You are encouraged to bring your own woodburning tools to the class. The first two students requesting it may use the two classroom woodburners that are available. You also have the option of purchasing pens or burners prior to the class for a class discount of 10% if you have registered for the class.
Tuition: $50
Tuition Notes: ($45 instruction, $5 materials)

Mortise and Tenon Joint Seminar
Instructor: Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Thursday, November 13, 2014 4:00 PM - 8:00 PM
Skill Level: None
Class Size: 2 - 10
Tools Required: None
Description: Learn how to make this time-tested furniture joint! We'll look at several methods for making mortise and tenons as well as where and when to use them. Methods include by hand, with a drill press and table saw and with the router.
Tuition: $50

Inside Out Turning
Instructor: Carl Kuhnle
Class Times: Sunday, November 16, 2014 11:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Monday, November 17, 2014 9:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Skill Level: Intermediate
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: Bring your own turning tools (roughing gouge, spindle gouge, skew); they must be sharp. If you do not have the three tools, a 10% discount is available before the class. Notify us early to ensure that enough tools are available for purchase.
Description: Inside-Outside turning is a unique process where you assemble a wood blank made of three or more smaller blanks, such that it can be split apart easily. You turn a profile, split the blank into individual pieces, and reassemble them by reversing their position. The original outside surface becomes the inside surface and the original inside surface becomes the outside surface. You then finish the turning, creating openings in the turned surface. You will have a demonstration of each process step. After seeing each step you will have time to turn your own hollow vase. Because blank preparation, gluing, drying, and turning are time consuming, the class will be split into two 4-hour sessions. Everyone is encouraged to ask questions and have open discussion with the instructor and other students during the classes. Due to material preparation, you must sign up at least 2 weeks prior to the class date.
Tuition: $150
Tuition Notes: ($30 materials, $120 instruction)

Foundations of Pen Turning
Instructor: Jerry Bingham
Class Times: Thursday, November 20, 2014 4:00 PM - 7:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Hand-turned pens are the rage right now. Attend this class and you will leave with your very own Bolt Action Pen, our newest style. You will turn a wooden blank to the correct size and shape, apply a beautiful, durable finish, and finish the evening by assembling your pen. Tuition includes all materials required for the class: pen blank, pen kit, instruction book.
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($70.00 instruction, $25.00 materials)

Wood Jewelry: Bangle Bracelet
Instructor: Kelly Parkhurst
Class Times: Saturday, November 22, 2014 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be use
Description: Interested in making your own jewelry for Christmas gifts? Learn to rough cut and turn a bangle bracelet! You will have a choice of woods from which to make your bracelet. In this class you will learn skills with rough cutting on a bandsaw, drilling on a drill press, and shaping and sanding on a lathe. You will also learn about and have your choice of finishing options.
Tuition: $60
Tuition Notes: ($55.00 instruction, $5.00 materials)

Turning Christmas Ornaments
Instructor: Toledo Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Sunday, November 23, 2014 11:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: With the holiday season nearly here, there are a number of ways you can use the small “scraps” of wood you have in your workshop. One of the most unique ways is to make ornaments – and one of the most memorable gifts you can give is a tree ornament. In addition to safe operating procedures, you will learn the use of the bandsaw, drill press, chucks and jaws, and a mini lathe. Techniques learned will include wood selection, how to creatively fill cracks and voids, proper use of a Forstner bit, uniform cutting and shaping with EWT and Sorby tools, sanding small objects, and finishing options. If time permits, a second ornament can be turned.
Tuition: $60
Tuition Notes: ($50.00 instruction, $10.00 materials)

Beg Woodshop Series, Class 1: Carving Board
Instructor: John Heslop
Class Times: Tuesday, November 25, 2014 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 3
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Would you like to learn the basics of wood and wood selection for projects and the safe operation of power tools and hand tools while making a simple and useful project? This is the first in a series of three class levels that will introduce you to wood and lumber basics; the safe operation of a table saw, jointer, bandsaw, drill press, sander, planer, and clamps; and tips in finishing any project. You will learn design, layout, material requirement calculations, use of adhesives, and clamping techniques. As you perfect these skills, you will learn how these fundamentals will be basic to other areas of woodworking such as cabinetry and furniture. At the end of this class you will have produced a carving board that can also be used as a serving tray – a key accessory for your kitchen or as a beautiful gift for someone special!
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($20 materials, $75 instruction)

Making a Farm Table with Festool
Instructor: Mike Kreischer
Class Times: Saturday, November 29, 2014 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sunday, November 30, 2014 11:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2
Tools Required: Classroom tools will be used
Description: In the Farm Table Class, we will cover the tools and techniques necessary to construct and finish a simple, but classic piece of wooden furniture. Though participants will walk away with a range of broadly applicable skills, the class will concentrate primarily on the precise and efficient break down, processing, and finishing raw materials using Festool saws, routers, sanders, dust extractors, tables, and more. In short, the class will cover the basics of the Festool System, as applied to real-world furniture building applications.
Tuition: $350
Tuition Notes: ($225 for Instruction and $125 for Materials)

Introduction to Lathes and Turning
Instructor: John Heslop
Class Times: Sunday, December 07, 2014 11:00 AM - 2:30 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 4
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: This class is a pre-requisite for all lathe and turning classes. The first half of the class will be an overview and discussion of the types and structure of the lathe equipment, safe use of the equipment, uses of various accessories, tool selection / options, proper care of tools, and types of wood used in turning. This basic education will apply to various types of turning. The second half of the class will be basic hands-on turning techniques. A small project will be made in this class for you to take home.
Tuition: $95
Tuition Notes: ($25 materials, $70 instruction)

Spindle & Mini Lathe Turning: Wine Bottle Stoppers
Instructor: Toledo Woodcraft Staff
Class Times: Sunday, December 14, 2014 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 3 - 6
Tools Required: None; classroom tools will be used
Description: Great gift idea for that special person in your life! Create a set of wine bottle stoppers and learn to lathe turning while creating that special gift! Students will learn about lathe safety, basics of mandrel turning, wood selection, and assembly. Students will have hands-on experience.
Tuition: $60
Tuition Notes: Tuition includes cost of all materials to make wine stoppers

Low Relief Carving for Youth
Instructor: Lucette Jones
Class Times: Monday, December 29, 2014 11:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Skill Level: Beginner
Class Size: 2 - 6
Tools Required: : Recommended for students to bring own carving tools, but not required
Description: Wikipedia defines relief carving “as ‘carving pictures in wood.’ The process of relief carving involves removing wood from a flat wood panel in such a way that an object appears to rise out of the wood.” In this class you will receive instruction on how to detail your sculpture or relief by use of your tools while improving your knowledge of carving techniques. The course begins with a demonstration of various techniques and tools that need to be considered when choosing or carving on your wood of choice. You will focus on technique more than a project and will take a practice board home. At the completion of this course, you will have learned the fundamentals of relief carving, had an opportunity to experiment with several basic techniques, and will have started a sampler that you can use for reference in additional carving projects and lead you to the next step in shallow or deep relief. All students under the age of 18 must have a waiver signed by their parent or guardian prior to the class. Forms may be obtained in the store or by requesting that one be mailed to you. All youth must meet with the instructor or store manager at least one day before the class to review class responsibilities. We require one adult per 2 students under the age of 13 to also attend the class.
Tuition: $65
Tuition Notes: ($55.00 instruction, $10.00 materials)